Initatives to Counter Deepfakes

Bill C-30

The Court recognizes “the importance of addressing the growing threat posed by misinformation. “If passed, the proposed legislative amendment would come into effect upon Royal Assent. This would ensure that this CEA provision, which explicitly seeks to address online disinformation, is in place in the event of a general or by-election”

Target Groups: Citizens, politicians

Government of Canada

Continuum de développement de la compétence numérique; Thème 11: Développer sa pensée critique à l’égard du numérique (p. 30-31) (French)

“Approach digital content critically so as to evaluate it before using it; develop judgment about digital content intentionally based on rigorous analytical criteria, mining digital resources and comparing them to one another; make reflective judgments about their use of digital media by being self-critical; become aware of issues related to media, scientific advances, technological developments, and their use of technology to make critical judgments, including the benefits and limitations of digital media.” – (Free translation)

Target Groups: School staff, students

Government of Quebec, Ministry of Education and Higher Education

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Semantic Forensics Program
Uncovering the Who, Why, and How Behind Manipulated Media

« Media manipulation capabilities are advancing at a rapid pace while also becoming increasingly accessible to everyone from the at-home photo editor to nation state actors. As the technology evolves so does the national security threat posed by compelling media manipulations. While the issue today may be Deepfake videos, the ability to generate falsified multimodal assets – such as news stories with embedded photos and videos – from whole cloth may not be far off. To take on this growing threat, DARPA created the Semantic Forensics (SemaFor) program. SemaFor seeks to give analysts the upper hand in the fight between detectors and manipulators by developing technologies that are capable of automating the detection, attribution, and characterization of falsified media assets. »

Target Groups: Media, citizens

US Department of Defense

Désinformation : quelles solutions ? (French webinar)

“The phenomenon of misinformation, including conspiracy theories, seems to have gained prominence with the health crisis. Scientific information is no exception. In this context, the effects of misinformation can be felt in the adherence or non-adherence to public health guidelines and vaccination. Other societal issues, such as climate change, are subject to misinformation. What can the scientific community, the mainstream media and influential actors on social media do to counterbalance misinformation? What are the short, medium and long term solutions to “flatten” the misinformation curve?” – (Free translation)

Target Groups: Researchers, citizens, journalists

Fonds de recherche – Nature et technologies, santé, société et culture

Évènement « Combattre la désinformation au Québec » (French webinar)

“ScienceAbord is a national initiative working with a collective of independent scientists, researchers, health care experts and science communicators. We share the best available science in creative ways to stop the spread of misinformation.” – (Free translantion)

Target Groups: Researchers, citizens, journalists

Fonds de recherche- nature et technologies, santé, société et culture

Forum sur la lutte contre la désinformation- Parler de science dans l’espace public : facile ? (French webinar – part 1)
(French webinar – part 2)

“The 7th forum organized by the Fonds de recherche du Québec and the Palais des congrès de Montréal will focus on the phenomenon of disinformation. Exacerbated by the development of social media and fueled by societal crises or concerns, be they health, environmental, identity-related or other, misinformation is an obstacle to the development of a knowledge-based society and economy.” – (Free translation)

Target Groups: Researchers, journalists, citizens

Fonds de recherche- nature et technologies, santé, société et culture

Helping Citizens Critically Assess and Become Resilient Against Harmful Online Disinformation

Target Group: Citizens

News release – Government of Canada

International Engagement Strategy on Diversity of Content Online

“A series of open and transparent meetings and discussions guided by two principles inspired by current international standards on cultural diversity.” “Encourage open exchanges between representatives of governments, the private sector and civil society on a variety of topics, including the misinformation and diversity of content.”

Target Group: Citizens

Government of Canada

Online Disinformation: Digital Citizenship Initiative

“The Digital Citizenship Initiative supports democracy and social cohesion in Canada by promoting an information ecosystem that is trusted, diverse, safe, and free of misinformation and illegal content, including hate speech.The initiative aims to build citizen resilience to misinformation through third-party citizenship, news and digital media literacy activities and programs.”

Target Group: Citizens

Government of Canada

The Multi-Stakeholder Approach: A Compendium on Countering Election interference

“Supporters of the Paris Appeal have committed to working together to adopt responsible behavior and ensure a safe cyberspace, based on a set of nine shared principles.” “The presence of misinformation in an election environment, is often indicative of larger-scale hybrid threats.”

Target Groups: Citizens, politicians

Government of Canada

Break the Fake: How to tell what’s true online

” The Break the Fake: How to tell what’s true online workshop will teach audiences four quick, easy steps they can take to spot misinformation and find out if something online is true or not.”

“Designed for audiences aged 11 and up, this workshop comes with everything you need to host a 60-minute presentation – including a slideshow, facilitator guide and handouts.”

Target Group: Youth 11 years and older

Media Smarts
Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy

Checking online content?

Definition and tips for parents. “Some networks flag controversial media content, which can help users be more critical when they see that content. Many social networks also have tools for reporting misinformationcontent. If misinformation is used to promote hurtful/evil beliefs or behaviors, it can also be reported.”

Target Group: Parents

The School of Social Networks

Comment combattre la désinformation (French)

“Browse our themed workshops to better equip yourself against the fake news circulating on the web.” – (Free translation)

Target Group: Citizens

Décrypteurs, Radio-Canada

COVID-19 : Track the facts

Covid-19 : Track the facts is a project to fight disinformation about the virus. In the time of fake news and social media, it’s not always easy to separate the real from the false news that circulate around coronavirus.”

“How to verify information? How to debunk fake news? What are the good moves to adopt to avoid disinformation? Our journalists address the issue. Their objective is to detect disinformation and to give you all the tools so you don’t fall into the fake news trap!”

Target Groups : Citizens, journalists

Fédération professionnelle des journalistes du Québec (FPJQ) in partnership with the Agence Science-Presse (ASP)

Fighting Disinformation through Strengthened Media and Citizen Preparedness in Canada

“The nine-month project will train both working journalists and the general public in strategies to recognize, track and expose disinformation campaigns on social media. It is funded by the Canadian Heritage’s Digital Citizen Initiative, which promotes civic, news, and digital media literacy to help citizens become resilient against online harm.”

Target Groups: Journalists, citizens

Journalists for Human Rights (JHR)

Formation #30 secondes avant d’y croire (French)

“Almost everyone has already fallen for a fake news story! In this age of easy tricks and multiplication of broadcasting platforms, where algorithms govern the content we see, it has never been so difficult to sort out the real from the fake. CQÉMI’s #30secondsbeforeyoubelieve training sessions are designed to help participants develop their critical thinking skills.” – (Free translation)

Target Group: Mainly youth

Centre québécois d’éducation aux médias et à l’information

Health and science misinformation

“Though health and science topics are subject to the same kinds of misinformation found everywhere, there are two types that are particularly common in these fields: denialism and snake oil.”

Target Groups: School staff, family

Media Smarts
Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy

How to Spot Fake News Online

“News Media Canada has developed the How to Spot Fake News Online, an easy-to-understand program that will encourage Canadians to avoid being manipulated online by following four simple, yet effective steps. TRUE or False Online is a bilingual, multi-faceted campaign that will be communicated to Canadians through an educational video, a new program microsite and a comprehensive national advertising campaign in print newspapers and on News Media Canada member news sites.”

Target Group: Citizens

News Media Canada

International fact-checking network

” The International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN) at Poynter was launched in 2015 to bring together the growing community of fact-checkers around the world and advocates of factual information in the global fight against misinformation. “

Target Group: Journalists

Poynter- IFCN

Le Détecteur de rumeurs (French)

The Rumor Detector is a fact-checking section. – (Free translation)

Target Group: Citizens

Agence Science-Presse

Les géants de la technologie lancent le « deepfake challenge » pour contrer la désinformation (French)

“The goal of this initiative is to create a technology that anyone can use to detect videos that have been modified by artificial intelligence tools and whose purpose is to mislead users.” – (Free translation)

Target Group: Citizens


Misinformation, fake news and deep fakes?

Definitions of the 3 concepts and tips for parents to discuss them with their children.

Target Group: Parents

The School of Social Networks

Reality Check

“To help Canadians develop the search, authentication and critical thinking skills that are needed in the digital age, MediaSmarts and Facebook Canada have partnered together to develop the Reality Check! program. Over the course of this two-year public awareness and education initiative, we will be developing a series of videos, tip sheets and activities that will give Canadians of all ages the tools they need to verify different kinds of online information and to help them understand why it’s important to double-check before they share information online. “

Target Group: Students in grades 9-12

Medias Smarts
Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy et Facebook Canada

Verifying Online News

“Most of us turn to online sources for news, whether it’s reading a newspaper online or sharing a news story with our friends and family. But news stories are one of the hardest things to verify: sometimes early reports that turn out not to be true still circulate on social media. This section outlines strategies that can be used to ensure that the news you consume, and share, is reliable.”

Target Groups: Family, school staff

Media Smarts
Canada’s Centre for Digital and Media Literacy

Vidéo : Dans la lutte contre les deepfakes, Facebook a une solution à base d’IA (French)

Technology: Scientists employed by Facebook have presented this week a method that should allow, thanks to artificial intelligence (AI), to detect deepfakes.” – (Free translation)

Target Group: Citizens


What kind of content is out there?

“The Internet is full of interesting information – things to see and do – and a lot of content has been designed specifically for children. But not all of it is kid-friendly, and some of it may seem unpleasant or scary. The Internet is a great place to learn, but not everything on it is true or safe. You have to learn how to find reliable information and how to tell the difference between an opinion and an established fact.

Target Group: Children (elementary school students)

The School of Social Networks

Aider les citoyens à mieux s’informer (French)

The Centre québécois d’éducation aux médias et à l’information (CQÉMI) helps citizens, young and old, to become better informed and to develop their critical thinking skills in order to combat misinformation. It also works to raise awareness of journalism and its essential role in a democratic society.

Target Group: Citizens

Centre québecois d’éducation aux médias et à l’information (CQÉMI)

Checkology (link 1)(link 2)

“Checkology’s lessons and other resources show you how to navigate today’s challenging information landscape. You will learn how to identify credible information, seek out reliable sources, and apply critical thinking skills to separate fact-based content from falsehoods.”

Target Groups: School staff, students, community

News Literacy Project

Civic Online Reasoning

” Students are confused about how to evaluate online information. We all are. The COR curriculum provides free lessons and assessments that help you teach students to evaluate online information that affects them, their communities, and the world. “

Target Group: Students

Stanford History Education Group


“Find the Fact is a program designed to enable students to develop simple skills to assess the credibility of sources and accuracy of online information. With the increasingly rapid spread of false and misleading information, being able to discern what is reliable from what is not has become an essential citizenship skill. The CTRL-F program contributes to the development of a well-informed citizenry by helping students develop digital media literacy skills.”

Target Group: Students


Développement et expérimentation d’outils éducatifs pour contrer la désinformation en ligne chez les jeunes adultes (French)

“Many initiatives have been launched in Canada and elsewhere in the world to address concerns about online misinformation. Many digital tools and resources in various forms (text, video, multimedia, quizzes, games, practical tips) have been developed to help Internet users protect themselves from “fake news” on the Internet. However, the effectiveness of these proposed solutions has rarely been tested. The Center for Media Studies wishes to help fill this knowledge gap by specifically addressing the needs and learning of these tools and resources by people with little education or low income.” – (Free translation)

Target Group: adult citizens

Société internationale pour la Centre d’études sur les médias (CEM)


” With the amount of fake and doctored photos and videos out there, how can we know what to trust? Most of us are used to thinking that “seeing is believing” but as technology makes it easier and easier to spread unreliable content online it’s more important than ever for us to read laterally, check for context, and always fact check suspicious content – even if it looks real. “

Target Groups : High school, college or university students

Crash Course


” We love the internet! It’s a wealth of information where we can learn about just about anything, but it’s also kind of a pit of information that can be false or misleading. “

Target Groups : High school, college or university students

Crash Course

October 2020: Misinformation, Disinformation, Hoaxes, and Scams.

“Help campus community members learn how to identify misinformation and disinformation campaigns and avoid falling victim to online hoaxes and scams.”

Target Group: University students

Campus Security Awareness Campaign 2020

Portrait d’une infodémie Retour sur la première vague de COVID-19 (French)

“This report is based on a literature review during which we identified over 500 texts, published between March and September 2020, and conducted 9 expert interviews. Our goal was to identify emerging themes and practices in research and public debate related to the production, consumption, and propagation of misinformation or misinformation about COVID-19.” – (Free translation)

Target Groups: Researchers, university students, media

Obersvatoire international sur les impacts sociétaux de l’IA et du numérique (OBVIA)

Quiz: Should you share it?

“We can all make better choices about the information we consume, share and act on. But can you tell the difference between social media posts that are false or misleading and those that are credible? Test your news literacy skills with this quiz and help stop the flood of misinformation.”

Target Groups: Citizens, educators, media

News Literacy Project

Slowing The Infodemic : How to Spot COVID-19 Misinformation (link1)(link2)(link3).

“A podcast titled Slowing the Infodemic: How to Spot COVID-19 Misinformation, as well as a companion short video, infographic, and classroom guide to teaching media literacy skills through inquiry-based learning. Using these resources, students will gain knowledge about the origin of common information we accept as fact, their role in accepting knowledge without inquiry, the process used by professional journalists to verify information, and the skills necessary to think critically about the media messages around them. “

Target Groups: students, educators

National association for media literacy education (NAMLE) et REUTERS communications

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in the Age of Fake News

Audiobook and questions to answer about fake news

Target Groups: Citizens, students

International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE)

Third annual national news literacy week (Jan. 24-28, 2022)

“This annual event underscores the vital role of news literacy in a democracy and provides audiences with the knowledge, tools and abilities to become more news-literate. It also aims to inspire news consumers, educators and students to practice news literacy and to strengthen trust in news media by reinforcing the role of credible journalism

Target Groups: Citizens, educators, media

News Literacy Project

Deepfake Detection Challenge (DFDC)
Deepfake Detection Challenge Dataset

“The goal of the challenge is to spur researchers around the world to build innovative new technologies that can help detect deepfakes and manipulated media.”

Target Group: Citizens

AWS, Facebook, Microsfot, the Partnership on AI’s Media Integrity Steering Committee

Disinformation and exclusion

“Democracy is in a period of fragility, with online disinformation pitting
people against each other. Beyond causing polarization, disinformation
can confuse, frustrate, and discourage citizens from participating in public
discourse. In order to counter and prevent disengagement, we need to
understand how Canadians feel they are being impacted, who is excluded
or disengaging online, and effective ways to address these issues.”

“In April 2019 and August 2019, the Institute for Canadian Citizenship
and Leger ran two national surveys, polling over 1,500 Canadians about
the impact of false and malicious information online on public discourse,
inclusion, and engagement. The Institute for Canadian Citizenship and
Leger present this Discussion Guide for Canadians to continue this
important conversation.”

Target Group: Citizens

Institute for Canadian Citizenship

Exploiting Visual Artifacts to Expose Deepfakes and Face Manipulations

High quality face editing in videos is a growing concern and spreads distrust in video content. However, upon closer examination, many face editing algorithms exhibit artifacts that resemble classical computer vision issues that stem from face tracking and editing. As a consequence, we wonder how difficult it is to expose artificial faces from current generators? To this end, we review current facial editing methods and several characteristic artifacts from their processing pipelines. We also show that relatively simple visual artifacts can be already quite effective in exposing such manipulations, including Deepfakes and Face2Face. Since the methods are based on visual features, they are easily explicable also to non-technical experts. The methods are easy to implement and offer capabilities for rapid adjustment to new manipulation types with little data available. Despite their simplicity, the methods are able to achieve AUC values of up to 0.866.

Target Groupe: Researchers

IEEE Xplore

Fighting Misinformation About Coronavirus

This webpage contains over 40 articles on misinformation and COVID 19. There is a general section, a section to accompany educators virtually, a section with lessons and videos for literacy, and finally, interesting or useful articles for students and educators.

Target Groups: Students, educators


Global Desinformation Index (GDI)
*Blogue « Read Now »

” The internet has given people access to new tools and platforms to build communities – and new capabilities to speak truth to power. Yet these same spaces are being abused to spread division, fear and mistrust – and sow the seeds of disinformation. It is time to disrupt, defund and down-rank disinformation sites. The Global Disinformation Index provides advertisers, ad tech companies and platforms with trusted, non-partisan and independent ratings to assess a site’s disinformation risks. “

Target Groups : Companies, citizens

Global Desinformation Index (GDI)

Munich Security Conference

February 15, 2020 conference

Target Groups: Politicians, journalists, citizens

World Health Organization

The Coronavirus Quiz. Misinformation spreads faster than a virus

“Our team monitored over 120 keywords across 175,000+ public social media conversations to identify trending health and safety claims that have reached the greatest number of people. From this we identified the top 20 rumours and sourced answers from trusted health resources.”

Target Group: Citizens

Digital Public Square

Twitter API

” Fake news sites can be used to share information while misleading users. These sites often have some superficial markers of authenticity, such as naming and site-design.” ” A crawler that navigates Twitter follower relationships to identify clusters of suspicious accounts from a given seed account. It uses the free Twitter API and can thus be easily deployed. “

Target Group: Citizens

French ambassador for digital rights

United Nations Launches Global Initiative to Combat Misinformation, Led by Department of Global Communications

« Launch of “Verified”, an initiative to combat the growing scourge of COVID-19 misinformation by increasing the volume and reach of trusted, accurate information. »

Target Group: Citizens

Press Release – United Nations

Curation of initiatives by

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